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Գ֮һȱʧ:ͬʲô

2019-2-21 09:12

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ʱ221Ϣݹý屨ѧδҵԳ֮ȱʧҪڡ

һԣʧԱĵǴؼʵʼġԱͨҪ֪ʧһγֵʱ͵ص㡣ǿܻʧߵƬжӦƬ֡

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һ۵㲻ɱۡȣһֲȻijЩطһֶĹϵΪУѧҽΪġ֡

ΣͬҪǣһһʧܾõȡ˵һ֣ôʷǰijһʱ̣Щֵܽá϶ͬ֡ݻѧҽһֳΪͬȡlast common ancestorдΪLCA˶һ˽һѧʣȱʧڣmissing link

ʮѧһֱѰԳͬȣȻû˵ĽȷѾ㹻ϢʹѰøסΪԼѾ˽ͬȵʱ͵ص㣬ݵƶκΪʽ

ڴIJȻѡݻ֮ǰܶ˾ѾΪȻҲ鳤දڵĿѧҲΪַκݻϵ塣

Գ֮һȱʧ:ͬʲô

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ıԸֱۼݻġԴһУûᵽһ⡣

ĵ֧ߡӢѧ˹裨Thomas Henry Huxleyǵһλúݻ˼άʶԴˡ1863ġȻеλ֤ݡEvidence as to Mans Place in NatureһУָӽѧĽǶԡdzȷɺͺΪơп϶һĽ֣軹ȷĸ

˼19ͺ20ͳݻѧҲشӰ졣˺ɻɣ߶ֵĹ۵㣬ߵøԶЩѧ˵Գƺݻ·ϵIJͬ׶Ρ

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ѧУĹѧҵķأTim White˵ġʽǽĺΪͬȵ

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˵ںʮ֮ѧʥΡأSt George MivartΪ֮๲֮ͬͬʱ1918һλΪ׵ˡ¡˹Frederic Wood JonesĽѧȺɻɣ۾֮иĹ֮ͬ

۾ͺ඼鳤࣬ѾԳݻǧꡣô۳ЩȺĹϵأ2040ѧ˹˹William Strausдһ򵥶˵Ľǣġݻر

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ڽʳɽشɡ

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1960꣬ŵѧ˹֣Linus PaulingӦ׸ءʥݶAlbert Szent-GyörgyiάCķߣһؼ׫ġͬ°¿Emile ZuckerkandlһԵĸʱӡ

ϸѧΡжGeorge Nuttall1904һ뷨ĸˣͨȽѪ˽ݻϵĽӽ̶ȣϦƥȱѧѧҽܸʩߴģJeffrey Schwartz˵ǵIJ˷Ӳϱ仯ļ˵֮ķֻԽϣЩӲʱԽ

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2060Գڵĸ鳤໯ʯ׷׳ԳRamapithecus֮һʱֱΪ߹ԳSivapithecusʼֱϵȡ

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1964꣬ѧ׼Ʋ⣬ΪԳһڵߣһʹù׼ʳ1400ǰԳȣôɺĹͬȾͲ籫ֺ¿1100ǰ

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ѧҸеʮ־ȣѧȴ֮СʱѾȷࡢɺʹ֮˴˹ϵУڴԼ1100ǰһͬȣɵĹϵҪԶһЩǺĹͬȻҪ׷ݵ֮ǰݷѧҵ˼·һֻ1400ǰĹԳ̫ܿ࣬Ϊij֧ϵһ棬ܿɡ

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ǷdzõĺѡݿѧѧŷġOwen Lovejoy˵ʤǺɡ

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1997꣬ѧ֤ʵ˺ɣԼ֮ϵеɣĽ֣һЩ˵йͬȵƺϾš1960Ĺʹ˽ͬΪƺɵĹԳ208090ķѧоƺ֤ʵһ۵㡣

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൱ʱһֱΪɺͺɣԼɣָؽߵķʽܲһ1999꣬Ӣִѧˡ٣Mike DaintonͼӲﰣGabriele Machoʽоһ뷨Ƿ˴ɺͺɴ굽ʱı仯Ƕ߿ܶݻָؽߵķʽ

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ҪָǣоͬʩߴĵĹ۵㡣ʹĹ۵һߣҲؿĿǰͬȵ⻹Զδձһµ

ȷʵһЩо߶ͬȵκΪ˼ǵĹ۵㡣ڣоҲͬģͣͬȫͬκΪʽʹѧij

ԭϣͬȵĻʯźκʱ֣һ֡ǣо߶ͬӦʲôӴ飬ҲԲͬķʽЩʯ

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