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ʯʱ

2013-10-24 21:26|鿴:9343|:0|:С

ʯ

 

ʯ

 

ʯʱָʯͷΪʹõʱʱΪƼֻʯͷ򵥵ĹߡʱƽǶʯҲڲϸĽʱϣʯʱ¿ɷΪʯʱʯʱʯʱʱ

 

ʯɸֲͬʯͷɡ磬ʯͽұ⣨гɱƬΪжĹ߻ɳƳʯĥߣҡĥľġǡǡ¹ǺIJҲ㷺ʹáʯʱĺڣճȲҲƳһϵеұĸChalcolithicͭʱCopper AgeͭʱBronze AgeʱIron Age

 

ʯʱеĵһοƼĴΧԼӶɵsavannasšũҵԼұͭķչʯʱˡʱڱʷǰʱڣΪ໹ûпʼдͳϵʷ

 

ʯʱijƺѧʾұʱǰʱڣʱиʯƹߵʹԶģƵĹ߶ࡣJohn Lubbock 1865ľ鼮ʷǰʱPre-historic TimesУʯʱthree-age systemеĵһֱϸΪʯʱʯʱʯʱPalaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods ʵϣڲͬĵĻУʱĸ˴˼зdzIJͬңұʱԲϵµĵţ˵ἰʱûһȷͳһġʯʱ

 

޶ָ

 

޶ָAcheulean handaxes

 

ʯʱĿѧо

 

ʯʱʱΧǺ첻ұģIJͬкܴIJͬһͳȫġʯʱЩڴδչһұƼƼ֮ǰһֱڡʯʱ֮СȻһ˵ʯʱΪǴӴԼ300ǰһĹֿʼġϷԳˣaustralopithecinesܿܲʹʯʯǰˡްϡParanthropus robustusģǵżоԱЩרҵıǺϡ

 

ʯƷdzձ飬ͨҲ˶ʯоǽоʱһҪרŻʽ漰ʯIJԾѧ塢ú켼ͨǣʯԭϵĻԭԷʯȷе̡Ҳͨƹ߸Ʒķʵ鿼ѧԼ顣

 

ʯʱ

 

ʯʱڿѧʹôʯΪ־Ļչ׶Σʯʱڽ׶ΡһΪʱھԼ250꣭Լ1ǰʱʱڻһַʯʱڡںڣϷֱ൱Գ˺ֱ˽׶Ρ׶Ρ˽׶Ρ

 

ԼPliocene epochĩڵķޣһ֧ΪˣHomo habilisִȣ֪ʯƹߡЩdz򵥵Ĺ߾֪ʯchoppers˱Ϊ˰¶ΤĻʱñƬʯоstone flakes and cores칤աʯƹҵIJ̹ɣǵݶΤϿȣOldupai GorgeЩܿܲԣʳø⣨scavenged meatҰֲΪԼ150ǰһ̶֧ȸߵֱ֣ˣHomo erectusˡֱѧջӵʯļɣͬʱΧɷŵйܿڵˡŷ֤100ǰʹõһָȽָ

 

ʱڵҪ򵥵ĹԺͲɼ;йܿڵ귢ֵıΪݿʹʯľȡҰޣòɼ伢ҪסɽУڿʱ䶴Ѩзľ̿ҽʯչǵȺۼʾʱʹûļῳȡľȼϡ

 

˵ھʯʱڣѾѧûڳ˹Ѿ򵥵Ϲߣҿʼγĸϵ塣

 

ԪıԳˡԳˡˡɽ˵Ȼ϶һʱڡ

 

ʯʱ

 

ڴԼǰʱȥ࿪ʼıϰߡΪȻůʹɼԾ˽ϴķչΪµĻȥµķ֣ұȾʯʱʱࡣǾʯʱʯʱĹɽ׶ΣҲʯʱ

 

ʯʱɫʯϳɵС͹ߡijЩҵ㹤ߡʯԼľۺͽЩľƷ

 

ʱż࣬ͨڱڣϵɭֵԿɭֵؿʼļɭֵصļῪʯʱ飬ΪũҵҪռĹϵ

 

ũҵij֣ʯʱǿʼı

 

ʯʱ

 

ʯʱڿѧʯʱһ׶ΡĥʯΪԼ1ǰʼʱӾ70002000겻ȡ

 

ʱڣ࿪ʼ¼򵥵ũҵֲĹʵԲ֣ҰѱԹʳá಻ֻȻṩʳʳԴȶͬʱũҵľӪҲʹˮݶӱΪʡ¸ʱ;Ļϣõ˸һĸƣʼעĻҵķչʹ࿪ʼ

 

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